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Table 5 Types of CAM used amongst 168 CAM users

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use amongst Malaysian orthopaedic oncology patients

CAM N %
Biological therapy   
Vitamin and mineral supplements   
Mega/multivitamins 52 31
Calcium suplements 12 7
Antioxidant pills 7 4.2
Herbal   
Sea cucumber/gamat (Stichopus horrens) 30 18
Herbal remedies 22 13
Fruit juice with antioxidant properties 17 10
Spirulina (Arthrospira plantensis) 15 9
Belalai gajah/sabah snake grass (Clinacanthus nutans) 13 7.7
Other medicinal plant 9 5.4
Medicinal mushroom supplements 9 5.4
Aloe vera 8 4.8
Apricot seed 7 4.2
Ginseng 7 4.2
Evening primrose 6 3.6
Green tea 6 3.6
Habatus sauda seeds 6 3.6
Medicinal tea 5 3
Ginko biloba 5 3
Non-herbal   
Snakehead/haruan (Chana striatus) 47 28
Fish oil 22 13
Porcupine quill powder/dates 8 4.8
Honey 6 3.6
Special water 5 3
Birds nest 5 3
Special diet 10 6
Physical therapy   
Massage therapy 33 19.6
Reflexology 2 1.2
Chiropractic 1 0.6
Cupping 2 1.2
Mind-body medicine   
Prayer/faith healing 52 31
Holy water/zam zam water 22 13
Traditional healers 9 5.4
Meditation 8 4.8
Yoga 4 2.4
Support group 4 2.4
Mental imagery 1 0.6
Energy therapy   
Bioelectromagnetic therapy 7 4.2
Qi Gong 3 1.8
Manual healing 2 1.2
Taichi 2 1.2
Reiki 1 0.6
Ionic foot bath 1 0.6
Longevitology 1 0.6
Alternative therapy   
Acupuncture 16 9.5
Traditional Chinese medicine 10 6
Traditional Indian medicine 2 1.2
Homeopathy 2 1.2
  1. Please note that some respondents reported use of more than one type of CAM within a CAM category; thus, response values in this table will not necessarily add up to the values presented in Table 4. Additionally, response totals are thus greater than total participants.