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Table 4 Medical cost paid by the BNHI for study subjects from the NHIRD in age-adjusted linear regression

From: Integrated traditional Chinese medicine for childhood asthma in Taiwan: a Nationwide cohort study

  Mean SD Estimation (95%) P
All OPD     
Non-TCM (N = 12435) 2847.2 4288.6 Reference  
Single TCM (N = 406) 5661.1 7745.2 2944.8 (2446.7, 3442.8) <0.0001
OHQI TCM (N = 9) 16898.3 12017.3 14351 (11240, 17462) <0.0001
OPD for TCM     
Non-TCM (N = 12435) 0    
Single TCM (N = 406) 3966.4 6711.6 Reference  
OHQI TCM (N = 9) 19004.3 10996.8 15338 (10193, 20483) <0.0001
ER     
Non-TCM (N = 12435) 1573.6 1253.2 Reference  
Single TCM (N = 406) 1881.3 1228 316.6 (−153.1, 786.3) 0.19
OHQI TCM (N = 9) 0    
IPD     
Non-TCM (N = 12435) 11996.9 11073.5 Reference  
Single TCM (N = 406) 13374.1 7440.4 1314.6 (−611.8, 8740.1) 0.73
OHQI TCM (N = 9) 0    
Total medical cost, median (IQR)     
Non-TCM (N = 12435) 3087.8 4976.6 Reference  
Single TCM (N = 406) 6182.9 8680.8 3229.5 (2655.2, 3803.8) <0.0001
OHQI TCM (N = 9) 16898.3 12017.3 14122 (10528, 17715) <0.0001
  1. BNHI: Bureau of National Health Insurance, NHIRD: National Health Insurance Research Database, OHQI: Outpatient’s Healthcare Quality Improvement, TCM: Traditional Chinese Medicine.