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Table 2 Medical visits and cost paid by the BNHI for study subjects from the NHIRD

From: Integrated traditional Chinese medicine for childhood asthma in Taiwan: a Nationwide cohort study

  Non-TCM Single TCM OHQI  
  N = 12435 N = 406 N = 9 p-value
Sex, n (%)        0.47
Girl 4983 (40.1) 155 (38.2) 5 (55.6)  
Boy 7452 (59.9) 251 (61.8) 4 (44.4)  
Age, median (SD) 9.29 (4.04) 10.1 (4.14) 11.2 (2.51) <0.00013(a)
Urbanization        0.25
Urban 7397 (59.5) 258 (63.5) 5 (55.6)  
Rural 5038 (40.5) 148 (36.5) 4 (40.5)  
All OPD, n (%) 12121 (97.5) 406 (100.0) 9 (100.0) 0.005
Visit, median (IQR) 3 (5) 6 (13) 6 (13) <0.00013(a,c)
Cost, median (IQR) 1642 (4177) 3777 (9202) 27180 (16380) <0.00013(a,b,c)
OPD for TCM        
Visit, median (IQR) --   3 (4.5) 6 (7) 0.312
Cost, median (IQR) --   1545 (3315) 17600 (17920) 0.00012
ER, n (%) 1244 (10.0) 60 (14.8) 0 (0.00) 0.0071
Visit, median (IQR) 1 (1) 1.5 (1) --   0.0012
Cost, median (IQR) 1179 (1443) 1956 (2589) --   0.0022
IPD, n (%) 124 (1.00) 9 (2.22) 0 (0.00) 0.091
Visit, median (IQR) 1 (0) 1 (1) --   0.072
Cost, median (IQR) 9675 (7165) 12013 (11066) --   0.372
Total medical cost, median (IQR) 12496 (4271) 17746 (10162) 27180 (16380) <0.00013(a,b,c)
  1. Chi-squared test, 1Fisher’s exact test, 2Wilcoxon two-sample test and 3Kruskal-Wallis test. aNon-TCM vs. OHQI TCM was significant, bSingle TCM vs. OHQI TCM was significant, cNon-TCM vs. Single TCM was significant. BNHI: Bureau of National Health Insurance, NHIRD: National Health Insurance Research Database, OHQI: Outpatient’s Healthcare Quality Improvement, TCM: Traditional Chinese Medicine. IQR: Interquartile range.