Effect of aerosolised honey on inflammatory cell response. The panels show Wright-Giemsa stained BAL fluid from the control group (a), injury group (b), and 50% honey-treated group (rescue, c; preventive, d). Rabbits in the aerosolised OVA group (group 3 – OVA-induced injury) resulted in greater infiltration of neutrophils (N), eosinophils (Eo), and macrophages (M), whereas the number of infiltrated inflammatory cells was low (control animal group). Treatment with aerosolised honey reduced the infiltration of these inflammatory cells. However, further exposure to OVA following treatment elicited the second phase of the inflammatory reaction.