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Table 2 Physical characteristics and phytochemical analysis of crude extract of Polyscias fulva stem bark and its fractions

From: In vitro and in vivo antidermatophytic activity of the dichloromethane-methanol (1:1 v/v) extract from the stem bark of Polyscias fulva Hiern (Araliaceae)

Extracts Aspect/colour Yield (% ) Number of spots in TLC Positive tests for Negative tests for
Crude extract Darkish-brown/paste 6.58 9 Saponins, Tannins, Alkaloids’, Anthraquinone and Phenols Flavonoïd, Triterpen, Sterol, Anthocyanin and Coumarin.
Hexane fraction Greyish-brown/paste 10.36 6 Alkaloids Flavonoïd, Triterpen, Sterol, Anthocyanin, Coumarin, Saponins, Tannins, Anthraquinone and Phenols.
Ethyl acetate fraction Darkish-brown/paste 9.04 7 Saponins, Tannins, Alkaloids’, Anthraquinone and Phenols Flavonoïd, Triterpen, Sterol, Anthocyanin and Coumarin.
n-Butanol fraction Brown/paste 6.08 5 Saponins, Tannins, Alkaloids’ and Phenols Flavonoïd, Triterpen, Sterol, Anthocyanin, Coumarin and Anthraquinone.
Residue fraction Darkish-brown/paste 74.52 3 Saponins, Tannins, Anthraquinone and Phenols Flavonoïd, Triterpen, Sterol, Anthocyanin, Coumarin and Alkaloids.