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Table 3 Percentage yield, total polyphenol content and antioxidant activity of crude acetone extracts of leaves of ten Ficus species

From: Evaluation of the inhibition of carbohydrate hydrolysing enzymes, antioxidant activity and polyphenolic content of extracts of ten African Ficus species (Moraceae) used traditionally to treat diabetes

Species Yield (%) aTotal polyphenol (mg GAE/g dry weight) abAntioxidant activity TEAC
Ficus capreifolia 2.32 4.73 ± 0.26c 0.34 ± 0.05c
Ficus cordata 2.65 8.23 ± 1.00d 0.27 ± 0.03c
Ficus craterostoma 2.60 9.80 ± 0.93d 0.66 ± 0.06d
Ficus glumosa 2.60 19.24 ± 0.79e 1.29 ± 0.30e
Ficus lutea 3.70 56.85 ± 1.82f 4.80 ± 0.90f
Ficus natalensis 2.35 4.75 ± 0.92c 0.69 ± 0.08d
Ficus polita 3.15 8.04 ± 0.52d 0.31 ± 0.06c
Ficus religiosa 2.45 5.40 ± 0.35c 0.59 ± 0.18c
Ficus sycomorus 2.60 12.33 ± 0.26e 1.91 ± 0.19e
Ficus thonningii 2.40 4.64 ± 0.48c 0.77 ± 0.06d
  1. aValues are means of triplicate determinations done three times (n = 9) ± standard error;
  2. bAntioxidant activity (Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity).
  3. c,d,e,fNo significant difference between extracts with same value, but significant difference p<0.05 between different values.