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Table 3 Characteristics of hypertensive versus other traditional medicine users

From: The prevalence of traditional herbal medicine use among hypertensives living in South African communities

  Hypertension* Other  
Variable N (%) N (%) P-value
Sex
  Male 5 (17.9) 33 (30.8)  
  Female 23 (82.1) 74 (69.2) 0.174
Age in years    
  < 44 years 0 (0.0) 31 (30.7)  
  45-54 years 7 (25.9) 20 (19.8)  
  55 -64 years 15 (55.6) 28 (27.7)  
  65+ years 5 (18.5) 22 (21.8) 0.003
Marital Status
   Married /Cohabiting 8 (28.6) 60 (56.1)  
  Divorced / Separated /Widowed 13 (465.4) 27 (25.2)  
  Single 7 (25.0) 20 (18.7) 0.028
Highest formal education completed
  No education /Primary school 8 (28.6) 46 (44.2)  
  Secondary school 19 (67.9) 52 (50.0)  
  Vocational /Tertiary 1 (3.6) 6 (5.8) 0.243
Employment status
  Working full time /Part time 1 (3.6) 21 (19.6)  
   Unemployed /Looking for a job 13 (46.4) 61 (57.0)  
  Retired /Other 14 (50.0) 25 (23.4) 0.009
Religion
  Christian 24 (85.7) 86 (80.4)  
  Traditional /No religion /Other 4 (14.3) 21 (19.6) 0.517
Form of TM
   Tea 3 (11.1) 33 (33.3)  
  Powder 1 (3.7) 13 (13.1)  
   Tea and other mixture 17 (63.0) 14 (42.4)  
   Other 6 (22.2) 11 (11.1) 0.027
Frequency of use
   1-3 times per day 13 (48.1) 28 (27.5)  
   1-3 times per week 0 (0.0) 14 (13.7)  
  Occasionally 14 (51.9) 60 (58.8) 0.034
Prescriber of TM
   Traditional Healer / Spiritualist /Diviner 3 (13.6) 34 (34.7)  
   Family Member / Friend / Self-administered 15 (68.2) 39 (39.8)  
  Different prescribers 4 (18.2) 25 (25.5) 0.045
Length of time using TM
  <= 1year 3 (10.7) 10 (9.9)  
  > 1year 3 (10.7) 20 (19.8)  
  Several years ago 20 (71.4) 58 (57.4)  
  Unsure 2 (7.1) 13 (12.9) 0.501
  1. *Respondents who used TM for hypertension may also have used TM for other conditions as well. These respondents are represented in the 'Hypertension' column.