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Table 1 Comparisons between non-disclosers and disclosers

From: Exploring the decision to disclose the use of natural products among outpatients: a mixed-method study

Variables Non- Disclosers n = 190 Disclosers n = 67 t-test p value
Mean SDa Mean SD
Age 55.5 15.3 50.9 15.0 2.15 0.032
Duration of disease 1.70 1.45 1.36 1.48 1.67 0.091
     Mann–Whitney U test  
Benefits of CAM b use 25.5 5.8 26.7 5.3 -2.10 0.036
Barriers of CAM use 24.3 6.1 25.2 5.8 -1.05 0.295
  n % n % Chi-square  
Gender      0.09 0.771
male 84 44.2 31 46.3   
female 106 55.8 36 53.7   
Education      1.59 0.208
<high school 64 33.6 17 25.4   
>high school 126 66.3 50 74.7   
Occupation      0.33 0.847
working 70 36.8 27 40.3   
not working 42 22.1 15 22.4   
retired 78 41.1 25 37.3   
Marriage      3.58 0.310
single 47 24.7 18 26.9   
married or partner 111 58.4 44 65.7   
divorce 5 2.6 1 1.5   
wifeless or widow 27 14.2 4 6.0   
Clinic visited      6.81 0.033
fortnightly 14 7.4 1 1.5   
monthly 124 65.3 38 56.7   
seasonally 52 27.3 28 41.8   
Medication compliance     1.89 0.596
not taken 26 13.7 13 19.4   
sometime taken 7 3.7 2 3.0   
most time taken 10 5.3 5 7.5   
always taken 147 77.4 47 70.1   
How to mixed with conventional medicines   8.74 0.068
no change 51 26.8 26 38.8   
separately taken 106 55.8 38 56.7   
reduce medicine dose 8 4.2 0 .0   
stop medicine 12 6.3 1 1.5   
others 13 6.8 2 3.0   
Knowledge of natural products    11.50 0.001
unknown 132 69.5 31 46.2   
known 58 30.5 36 53.7   
  1. a = Standard deviation; b = Complementary and alternative medicine.