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Table 1 Respondents’ demographic profiles and factors affecting herbal medicines use

From: The use of herbal medicines during breastfeeding: a population-based survey in Western Australia

Variable Proportion of users, n/N (%) p-value
Total number of participants 182/304 (59.9)  
Residential area, determined by postcode (n = 303)   0.51
Perth metropolitan 171/284 (60.2)  
Other WA region 10/19 (52.6)  
Country of birth (n = 304)   
Australia/New Zealand 97/180 (53.9) 0.0180
Asia/Africa 58/80 (72.5)  
Europe/USA/Canada 27/44 (61.4)  
Ethnic background (n = 301)   0.0328
Caucasian 55/105 (52.4)  
Asian 57/80 (71.3)  
Others 68/116 (58.6)  
Level of education (n = 302)   0.56
Secondary education 12/24 (50.0)  
Secondary school certificate of education 13/24 (54.2)  
Diploma or advanced diploma 12/16 (75.0)  
Trade certificates I, II, III or IV 15/27 (55.6)  
Bachelor degree 88/137 (64.2)  
Graduate diploma or graduate certificate 19/33 (57.6)  
Master degree 19/31 (61.3)  
Doctoral degree 4/10 (40.0)  
Total annual household income last year (n = 302)   0.0219
Low (< AUD 37 K) 7/17 (41.2)  
Middle (AUD 37 K – AUD 80 K) 61/86 (70.9)  
High (AUD 80 K+) 113/199 (56.8)  
Parity (n = 304)   0.54
1 child 102/176 (58.0)  
2 children 58/94 (61.7)  
3 children 16/27 (59.3)  
4 children 6/7 (85.7)  
Living with parents (n = 304)   0.68
Yes 19/30 (63.3)  
No 163/274 (59.5)  
  1. P-values were obtained from the Chi-square test.