Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Changes in outcome measures from baseline to follow-up week 32

From: Acupuncture and physical exercise for affective symptoms and health-related quality of life in polycystic ovary syndrome: secondary analysis from a randomized controlled trial

Outcome measure Acupuncture (n = 28) Physical exercise (n = 29) Control (n = 15) P*
  Mean ± SD Δ% Mean ± SD Δ% Mean ± SD Δ%  
Depression & Anxiety scores        
MADRS-S sum total −1.00 ± 8.07 a −9.3 0.55 ± 8.00 5.1 1.00 ± 6.94 7.2 ns
BSA-S sum total −1.74 ± 7.88 A,a −13.3 1.41 ± 6.86 B 12.5 −1.53 ± 3.78 −10.5 0.027
SF-36 domains        
Physical functioning −2.5 ± 17.4 −2.8 3.8 ± 6.7 C,d 4.3 −3.7 ± 7.4 −4.0 0.008
Role physical 12.5 ± 33.7a 18.4 −0.9 ± 19.5 −1.0 −6.7 ± 27.5 −8.7 ns
Role emotional 11.9 ± 40.8 22.7 17.2 ± 42.4 36.5 22.2 ±34.9 f 58.7 ns
Social functioning 5.8 ± 20.5 7.8 5.2 ± 25.3 7.7 2.5 ± 21.2 3.7 ns
Mental health 6.3 ± 19.5 10.4 4.1 ± 20.0 6.8 −4.3 ± 21.9 −7.7 ns
Energy/vitality 11.3 ± 17.0b 25.5 5.5 ± 20.5 11.3 −4.2 ± 18.3 −9.0 ns
Bodily pain 2.8 ± 20.6 3.8 3.6 ± 30.0 5.0 0.3 ± 15.8 0.4 ns
General health perceptions 6.8 ± 16.0a 12.0 5.3 ± 10.0 c 8.3 −4.6 ± 19.2 −7.1 ns
SF-36 summary scores        
Physical component summary 0.5 ± 7.9 1.0 0.2 ± 5.2 0.4 −1.7 ± 5.1 −3.1 ns
Mental component summary 5.1 ± 12.4a 14.3 4.3 ± 11.6 12.7 1.8 ± 11.6 5.8 ns
PCOSQ domains        
Emotions 0.4 ± 0.8a 8.5 0.6 ± 1.0 d 14.3 0.1 ± 0.7 2.4 ns
Body hair −0.1 ± 0.9 −2.5 0.1 ± 0.8 3.4 −0.2 ± 0.8 −6.1 ns
Body weight 0.2 ± 0.8 4.9 0.2 ± 1.2 6.1 0.4 ± 0.8 f 12.9 ns
Infertility 0.2 ± 1.1 4.8 0.6 ± 1.2 B,d 16.7 −0.1 ± 0.8 −2.2 0.014
Menstruation 0.3 ± 1.0 7.3 −0.1 ± 1.0 −2.6 −0.5 ± 1.0 −12.5 ns
  1. * Intergroup differences for the changes from baseline to week 16 were determined by the Kruskal-Wallis test followed by Mann–Whitney U-test: A P < 0.05 vs physical exercise; B P < 0.05 vs control group; C P < 0.05 vs EA and control group. Within group changes were determined by Wilcoxon rank-sum test: a P < 0.05 (acupuncture group); b P < 0.01 (acupuncture group); c P < 0.05 (exercise group); d P < 0.01 (exercise group); e P < 0.001 (exercise group); f P < 0.05 (control group).