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Table 4 Reasons for current Kampo use or non-use

From: Opinions on Kampo and reasons for using it – results from a cross-sectional survey in three Japanese clinics

Reasons All Kampo/CM Integrative Kampo
  Mean ± SD (Median) Mean ± SD (Median) Mean ± SD (Median) Mean ± SD (Median)
For Using Kampo
Because I believe that Kampo is more holistic 4.15 ± 0.89 (4) 4.27 ± 0.91 (5) 3.56 ± 0.77 (3) 4.43 ± 0.77 (5)
Because Kampo treatment is more natural 4.08 ± 0.90 (4) 4.14 ± 0.97 (4) 3.77 ± 0.82 (4) 4.23 ± 0.86 (4)
Because my doctor suggested it to me 3.86 ± 1.43 (4) 4.08 ± 1.29 (5) 4.31 ± 1.06 (5) 3.38 ± 1.62 (4)
Because Kampo is more effective for my problem than Western medicine 3.88 ± 0.96 (4) 4.10 ± 0.91 (4) 3.49 ± 0.88 (3) 3.97 ± 0.98 (4)
Because Kampo has fewer side effects 3.84 ± 0.99 (4) 3.86 ± 1.09 (4) 3.80 ± 0.96 (4) 3.86 ± 0.96 (4)
Kampo offers a better explanation for my disease than Western medicine 3.58 ± 1.46 (3) 3.87 ± 1.14 (4) 2.94 ± 1.03 (3) 3.80 ± 0.99 (4)
Because I am disappointed with Western medicine and want to try something else 3.05 ± 1.46 (3) 3.12 ± 1.53 (3) 2.37 ± 1.30 (2) 3.44 ± 1.37 (4)
Because there is no treatment in Western medicine for my particular disease 2.93 ± 1.41 (3) 3.12 ± 1.41 (3) 2.30 ± 1.07 (3) 3.23 ± 1.48 (3)
Because someone apart from my doctor suggested it (family, friend) 2.63 ± 1.59 (2) 2.50 ± 1.84 (2) 2.52 ± 1.33 (3) 2.79 ± 1.55 (3)
Because the Western treatment I have received before was distressing 2.61 ± 1.35 (3) 2.60 ± 1.27 (3) 2.36 ± 1.32 (2) 2.78 ± 1.41 (3)
Because treating my illness with Kampo is less expensive than Western medicine 2.40 ± 1.04 (3) 2.43 ± 1.02 (3) 2.68 ± 0.93 (3) 2.19 ± 1.08 (2)
For Not Using Kampo
I do not need it right now but would use it in the future if necessary 4.02 ± 1.01 (4) 3.78 ± 1.39 (4) 4.02 ± 0.94 (4) 4.50 ± 1.00 (5)
Kampo is too expensive 2.94 ± 1.07 (3) 2.75 ± 1.04 (3) 2.96 ± 1.05 (3) 3.00 ± 1.63 (3)
Taking Kampo medication is inconvenient 2.76 ± 1.19 (3) 2.00 ± 1.31 (1.5) 2.92 ± 1.09 (3) 2.40 ± 1.67 (2)
Western medicine is very effective so that I do not need Kampo 2.37 ± 1.11 (3) 1.63 ± 0.92 (1) 2.56 ± 1.09 (3) 1.60 ± 0.89 (1)
I think Kampo is not effective 2.22 ± 1.27 (2) 2.67 ± 2.55 (2) 2.22 ± 0.92 (2) 1.40 ± 0.89 (1)
I was disappointed when using Kampo before 1.87 ± 0.99 (1.5) 1.63 ± 1.19 (1) 1.94 ± 0.98 (2) 1.50 ± 1.00 (1)
  1. Answers on 5 point Likert item, 1 = “I fully disagree”, 5 = “I fully agree”, SD standard deviation. CM (traditional) Chinese medicine, “Western medicine” = “conventional” Western biomedicine.