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Table 1 Demographics and occupation

From: Opinions on Kampo and reasons for using it – results from a cross-sectional survey in three Japanese clinics

Demographics All Kampo/CM Integrative Kampo
  % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n)
Total * 100.0 (354) 26.3 (93) 38.4 (136) 35.3 (125)
Sex     
Female 68.4 (240) 72.0 (67) 60.0 (81) 74.8 (92)
Male 31.6 (111) 28.0 (26) 40.0 (54) 25.2 (31)
Age (years)     
Mean ± SD 50.97 ± 15.60 57.46 ± 15.92 47.77 ± 14.71 49.62 ± 14.99
Range 5–88 14–88 5–83 22–77
Education (Graduate)     
Junior High School 2.0 (7) 2.2 (2) 3.0 (4) 0.8 (1)
High School 26.7 (93) 39.1 (36) 29.9 (40) 13.9 (17)
Beyond High School *** 71.3 (248) 58.7 (54) 67.2 (90) 85.3 (104)
Marital Status     
Single 24.7 (87) 24.7 (23) 14.8 (20) 35.5 (44)
Married 63.9 (225) 57.0 (53) 78.5 (106) 53.2 (66)
Divorced 4.5 (16) 6.5 (6) 3.7 (5) 4.0 (5)
Widowed 6.8 (24) 11.8 (11) 3.0 (4) 7.3 (9)
Occupational Situation     
Employed 47.1 (160) 34.1 (31) 56.8 (75) 46.2 (54)
Unemployed (Registered) 2.4 (8) 1.1 (1) 3.8 (5) 1.7 (2)
Without Occupation **** 27.6 (94) 31.9 (29) 23.5 (31) 29.1 (34)
Retired 20.6 (70) 30.8 (28) 13.6 (18) 20.5 (24)
Attending School 2.1 (7) 1.1 (1) 2.3 (3) 2.6 (3)
Retired Plus Working 0.3 (1) 1.1 (1) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0)
Type of Occupation **     
For a Firm 54.7 (98) 46.7 (21) 61.3 (46) 52.5 (31)
For the Government 11.2 (20) 13.3 (6) 13.3 (10) 6.8 (4)
Teaching 8.4 (15) 8.9 (4) 9.3 (7) 6.8 (4)
Freelancer 8.4 (15) 11.1 (5) 4.0 (3) 11.9 (7)
Self-Employed 14.0 (25) 11.1 (5) 10.7 (8) 1.7 (12)
Entrepreneur 3.4 (6) 8.9 (4) 1.3 (1) 0.8 (1)
Type of Employment **     
Regular 68.6 (116) 74.4 (29) 72.7 (56) 58.5 (31)
Part Time/Side Job (arubeito) 24.9 (42) 23.1 (9) 22.1 (17) 30.2 (16)
Interim Staffing 5.3 (9) 0.0 (0) 25.2 (4) 9.4 (5)
Freelance 0.6 (1) 2.6 (1) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0)
Regular Plus Part Time 0.6 (1) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.9 (1)
Professional Duties **     
Management 23.3 (42) 20.9 (9) 28.0 (21) 19.4 (12)
General Office Work 43.3 (78) 51.2 (22) 38.7 (29) 43.5 (27)
Professional Job 23.3 (42) 16.3 (7) 29.3 (22) 21.0 (13)
Other 10.0 (18) 11.6 (5) 4.0 (3) 16.1 (10)
  1. Percent of valid answers, generally of clinic, * of study population, ** of respective group. *** Technical college, junior college/university, graduate school. **** E.g., household. CM (traditional) Chinese medicine.