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  • Open Access

P04.08. Predictors of dietary supplement (DS) use among persons receiving home health care: findings from the 2007 national home and hospice care survey (NHHCS)

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BMC Complementary and Alternative MedicineThe official journal of the International Society for Complementary Medicine Research (ISCMR)201212 (Suppl 1) :P278

  • Published:


  • Chronic Condition
  • Dietary Supplement
  • Pain Management
  • Home Health
  • Hospice Care


Each day in the United States in 2007 there were almost 1.5 million home health care patients. This study examines the use of DSs and factors associated with their use in this population.


Data were from the 2007 NHHCS - a nationally representative probability sample survey. Medical records of 4,683 current home health patients (Weighted N=1,459,900) were sampled from 677 participating home health agencies (Weighted N=12,300). Therapeutic classes analyzed were Nutritional Products (NP) (vitamins and minerals alone or in combination) and Non-vitamin, Non-mineral Dietary Supplements (NVNMDS). Multivariate analyses were used to examine the independent roles of demographic and health factors with use of NP and NVNMDS, and the association of NP and NVNMDS with pain and pain management strategies. Variables in the multivariate analyses were age, sex, race, number of chronic conditions, whether the patient lived alone and/or had a caregiver, mobility, cognitive impairment, medication assistance and primary payor.


In preliminary analyses 59% of patients had at least one type of NP and 7% had NVNMDS noted on their medical record. In multivariate analyses, use of NPs was associated with age, sex, payor and number of chronic conditions, and use of NVNMDS was associated with age and race. Neither NP nor NVNMDS were associated with reported pain or a standing order (SO) for pain management. NP, but not NVNMDS, were associated with an “as needed” (PRN) order for pain management.


Patients who were older, female, with Medicare as primary payor and more chronic conditions were more likely to use NP. Older and white patients were more likely to use NVNMDS. Patients using NP were more likely to have a PRN order, but not a SO. Continuing analyses will include more detailed coding of DSs and analysis of concomitant use of DS with over-the-counter and prescription medications.

Authors’ Affiliations

NCHS/CDC, Hyattsville, USA
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Bethesda, USA


© Bercovitz et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.