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Table 1 Effect of AC-PACs on the levels of phosphorylated protein kinases induced by C. albicans in oral epithelial cells

From: Cranberry proanthocyanidins inhibit the adherence properties of Candida albicans and cytokine secretion by oral epithelial cells

Phosphorylated protein kinase Amounts of phosphorylated protein kinase (pg/ml)
  No stimulation C. albicans stimulation (MOI = 15)
   No pre-treatment AC-PAC pre-treatment
AKT (Ser 473) 614 ± 171 1184 ± 186* 782 ± 110*
AKT (Thr 308) 60 ± 17 111 ± 29* 113 ± 24
MEK1 (Ser 217/Ser 221) 2072 ± 383 6359 ± 255* 3596 ± 773
ERK1/2 (Thr 202/Tyr 204) 67 ± 2 97 ± 8* 41 ± 6
  1. The data are the means ± SD of triplicate assays. *significantly higher compared to the unstimulated control (P < 0.05); significantly lower compared to the untreated (AC-PACs) control (P < 0.05).