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Table 1 Supportive Care use in Recurrent Miscarriage Studies 1984 - 1999

From: Acupuncture as a therapeutic treatment option for threatened miscarriage

Author Trial design Supportive care Control Group Supportive care Outcomes
Stray-Pederson 1984 Non randomized controlled trial N = 37 N = 24 Advice: rest, avoid heavy lifting, travelling, refrain from sexual intercourse. Bed rest for 2 weeks at the gestational age they had previously miscarried. Reported as live births at term. Supportive care 32(86%) Routine antenatal care 8 (33%) (p < 0.001)
Liddell 1991 Randomized controlled trial N = 42 (44 pregnancies) N = 9 A weekly visit (5-13 gestational weeks). Consistent medical personal, weekly medical monitoring- (an ultrasound, serum HCG and progesterone tests), weekly stress reduction session with a physiotherapist, relaxation tape for home use, access to visit the early pregnancy clinic for reassurance. Reported as live births at term Supportive care 38 (86%) Routine antenatal care 3 (33%) (P = 0.005)
Clifford 1997 Non randomized controlled trial N = 160 N = 41 Weekly ultrasound until 12 weeks at a specialized early pregnancy clinic. Reported as miscarriage rates 42 (26%) supportive care group 21 women (51%) routine antenatal care (P = 0.002).
Brigham 1999 Prospective longitudinal observational study N = 226 N/A Supportive care protocol that included a fortnightly ultrasound for fetal viability until 12 weeks gestation. Reported as pregnancy rates. 75% beyond 24 weeks