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Table 1 Sample Characteristics by Health Literacy Levels

From: Association of Health Literacy with Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use: A Cross-Sectional Study in Adult Primary Care Patients

Characteristics (n = 347) Adequate Health Literacy (REALM-R > 6) Inadequate Health Literacy (REALM-R < 6) P-value
  260(74.9) 87(25.0)  
Age Categories    
   16-34 years 23.1 12.8 0.120
   35-49 years 21.6 20.9  
   50-64 years 32.6 44.2  
   65 + years 22.8 22.1  
Race    
   Black 27.7 82.7 < 0.001*
   White 68.8 14.9  
   Hispanic/Other 3.5 2.3  
Gender    
   Male 31.0 36.0 0.387
   Female 68.9 63.9  
Marital status    
   Currently married 55.0 32.5 < 0.001*
   Not married 44.9 67.5  
Education categories    
   Less than high school graduate 8.3 23.8 < 0.001*
   High school graduate 17.8 47.6  
   Less than college graduate 22.6 20.2  
   College graduate or higher 51.2 8.3  
Employment status    
   Currently employed 61.6 43.5 0.003*
   Unemployed 38.4 56.5  
Income categories    
   < $10,000 10.9 30.5 < 0.001*
   $10,000-< $25,000 13.4 42.7  
   $25,000-< $50.000 24.3 18.3  
   $50,000-< $75,000 20.2 6.1  
   $75,000 + 31.1 2.4  
Insurance status    
   Private 67.1 36.1 < 0.001*
   Medicaid 7.5 18.1  
   Medicare 20.2 27.7  
   Uninsured 5.2 18.1  
Health status    
   Better or same as last year 84.2 87.1 0.527
   Worse than last year 15.8 12.9  
  1. * p <0.05