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Table 1 Changes in the course of time and overall effect sizes in SETK subscales and SON-R outcome measures

From: Effects of music therapy in the treatment of children with delayed speech development - results of a pilot study

  T0Mean ± Sd T1Mean ± Sd T2Mean ± Sd T3Mean ± Sd T4Mean ± Sd Fried-man-Test Wilcoxon-Test (T1-T4) Effectsize(T1-T4)
SETK         
PGN 37.4 ± 10.2 40.0 ± 11.0 41.5 ± 14.4 44.7 ± 16.3 47.0 ± 14.5 <0.0005 0.002 0.45
VS 37.4 ± 9.37 41.9 ± 12.7 43.7 ± 15.4 47.0 ± 16.3 48.2 ± 16.1 0.001 0.001 0.39
SG 30.4 ± 11.4 36.9 ± 12.4 35.2 ± 14.3 36.9 ± 13.5 39.9 ± 22.1 0.076 0.028 0.61
MR 40.8 ± 12.6 42.6 ± 10.7 41.6 ± 15.2 47.9 ± 17.6 46.9 ± 16.5 0.116 0.054 0.19
GW 3.0 ± 0.7 2.9 ± 1.3 3.1 ± 1.2 3.1 ± 1.1 3.2 ± 1.1 0.077 0.480 0.03
SON-R (ref-age)         
HS 3.2 ± 1.0 3.6 ± 1.0 4.0 ± 1.0 4.0 ± 1.2 4.2 ± 1.2 <0.0005 <0.0005 0.61
DS 3.5 ± 1.2 3.8 ± 1.3 4.0 ± 1.0 4.3 ± 1.2 4.3 ± 1.3 <0.0005 0.002 0.31
IQ 3.3 ± 1.1 3.7 ± 1.1 3.9 ± 1.0 4.1 ± 1.2 4.3 ± 1.3 <0.0005 <0.0005 0.57